Medical rehabilitation is a collaborative process achieved by the patient, family and multidisciplinary staff. As part of this process, efforts are made to recover as much as possible the functions injured by the stroke, and return the patient to his or her former life. The rehab process begins the moment the patient is admitted to the general hospital ward. However, in the first hours intervention is very cautious, so long as the patient’s medical condition is still unstable.
After a period of hospitalization and when the patient has stabilized, an evaluation can be performed as to the necessity to tranfer him or her to a rehabilitational institution – whether a hospital, rehab in the community or other approaches. If the disability is slight, rehab in the HMO’s day clinics can be considered, or at home with the aid of community services, so long as the conditions at home are suitable. Additionally, the spouse’s ability to dedicate themself to treatment is taken into account, as well as the patient’s functionality level and emotional and intellectual condition.
If the functional disability is medium or severe, the appropriate rehab approach would be hospitalization in a rehab ward for an average period of several weeks, after which the patient would go back home. It is important to read the Health Ministry circular “Criteria for Administering Rehabilitational Treatment to the Elderly” specifying all of the procedures concerning rehab and the criteria for referring a patient to be hospitalized for rehabilitation. This way you can make the most of your rights and choose the most appropriate rehabilitational approach.